This week, the CTBTO is holding a weeklong conference on the CTBTO and the progress being made to ratify the CTBT. Simultaneously, there is an education program being held both in Geneva and online. I am one of the participants, and already I have learned so much about the CTBTO and the delegation processes. Part of the course is a simulation of the Executive Council Deliberations over an On-site Inspection Request. I was selected to be a part of the representative team for Columbia.
The CTBT is the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on September 10, 1996, but it has not entered into force because eight Annex-2 states have not ratified the treaty. They are the United States, India, Pakistan, Egypt, Israel, North Korea, China, and Iran.
Once the CTBT is ratified and becomes part of international law, the UN will be able to monitor the world. If a state violates the CTBT the executive council has been set up for a democratic process to order on site inspections.
It is the interest of the United States to ratify the CTBT because the United States has already ceased nuclear testing. The US now uses computers to run calculations and virtual tests that are just as effective as actual tests. If the US took a leading role in getting the rest of the other states to ratify the treaty, the risk of other states gaining nuclear weapons would be eliminated almost entirely. The United States also has even more reason to ratify the CTBT since Russia has already done so. Russia has the second most nuclear weapons in the world. Russia tested the largest nuclear weapon ever detonated called the Tsar Bomba in 1961.
This is the most supported nuclear treaty in the world. The US and others continue to obstruct it. The US needs to begin working with the international community instead of opposing it. For the rest of the week, I will be learning more about how the CTBT is practically carried out. I will also be taking part in the Executive Council simulation. I hope to learn a lot this week. Around a hundred other participants from around the world will be joining me. Perhaps through education and awareness, support can spread for this important treaty.